Journeyman plumber: Once the requirements of an apprenticeship are fulfilled, plumbers can apply for a journeyman license. Many workers in the plumbing industry are journeymen. Obtaining a journeyman's license requires a fee and the successful passing of an exam. Licenses vary by state, although not all areas require journeymen to be licensed. Instead, the amount of work they are able to perform is limited.

For many centuries, lead was the favoured material for water pipes, because its malleability made it practical to work into the desired shape. (Such use was so common that the word "plumbing" derives from plumbum, the Latin word for lead.) This was a source of lead-related health problems in the years before the health hazards of ingesting lead were fully understood; among these were stillbirths and high rates of infant mortality. Lead water pipes were still widely used in the early 20th century, and remain in many households. In addition, lead-tin alloy solder was commonly used to join copper pipes, but modern practice uses tin-antimony alloy solder instead, in order to eliminate lead hazards.[13]
PBT – flexible (usually gray or black) plastic pipe which is attached to barbed fittings and secured in place with a copper crimp ring. The primary manufacturer of PBT tubing and fittings was driven into bankruptcy by a class-action lawsuit over failures of this system.[citation needed] However, PB and PBT tubing has since returned to the market and codes, typically first for "exposed locations" such as risers.

We are very satisfied with Atomic Plumbing and with Brian H. The office was helpful and up front with how the service call would be handled. I was informed of the payment forms that would be acceptable. I was able to schedule the appointment to fix a leaky toilet for the day and time suited to my convenience. I was called when they were on the way and after explaining what he felt was wrong and what he would do to repair it and the overall cost if he found nothing else, he got straight to work and was finished within an hour. He put vinyl covers over his shoes upon entering the house and was very respectful. What a refreshing experience and you can be confident they won't rip you off! Thank you Atomic Plumbing and Brian H!


For expert commercial and residential plumbing services in the Seattle area, contact Best Plumbing. We’re locally owned and operated, and have been in business for 50 years. Our technicians take great pride in providing the very best plumbing assessments, solutions and quality products, and our customer service and general expertise is unparalleled. Call today to discover why customers trust us for all their plumbing needs, large or small!

Yes I do know what approximately the part is and how much but the problem is  almost all plumbers & even electricians want $100 service call.  That's ridiculous as if the part is $25 that $125 to me and that's too much but I see they want the $$$$ so they start with a service call. Example my outdoor light bulb broke and I couldn't get it out of socket.  I had to call electrician.  Yes, $100 service call, handed me the bulb and I gave him a new one to put it and that was it. Took him all of 10 min.  So now I hesitate when I need something done in these fields and thank goodness so far I'm not in need of anything..
Your toilet doesn’t have to be overflowing with water for you to pay attention to it. Even the slightest bit of a puddle around the toilet can be a sign that the wax ring seal has failed. If you ignore it, you’re subjecting your subflooring beneath the bathroom tile to damage like rot and mold. Call your plumber if you see the issue arise, or replace the wax ring seal. Here’s how to replace the wax ring and three more causes of leaks under a toilet.

The introduction of the first water-retaining traps or seals in the 1850s, and the common use of "U"-shaped traps in the 1870s, were major steps forward. The design of the trap ensured that enough water remained in it to effectively block the passage of sewer gas back through the plumbing fixtures. During the 1870s vent pipes were introduced. They not only carried sewer gas out of the system, but also broke the suction created by movement of liquid in the pipes and eliminated the possibility of siphoning water that sealed the traps.
Cleaning your toilet is likely a top priority when it comes to house maintenance, but you’re doing more harm than good if you use chlorine tablets. They can cause the toilet’s flushing system to malfunction by disintegrating it and getting stuck in the flush valve. Check out these 28 tips to become a master plumber and avoid unnecessary calls to the experts!
Similarly, there's no shortage of different types of sinks, too. These range from spare single-bowl models starting under $100 to a farmhouse apron front, double bowl made of copper or cast iron that can run $600 or more. Some are mounted under countertops — called undermount sinks — while drop-in sinks are designed for installation in a preexisting space in your countertop. Whatever the type, sinks can uniquely complement kitchen design as do countertops, cabinetry and other features.
As a highly experienced Tampa plumbing company, Associated Plumbing is a state-certified plumbing contractor, which means our customers enjoy the peace of mind that comes from knowing their plumbing issues are getting the professional attention they need – all while staying compliant with existing and evolving state regulations. Not sure what the state law requires? Don’t worry – we’ve got the experience to help business owners and homeowners understand the requirements so there’s no risk of running afoul of current regulations.

Similarly, there's no shortage of different types of sinks, too. These range from spare single-bowl models starting under $100 to a farmhouse apron front, double bowl made of copper or cast iron that can run $600 or more. Some are mounted under countertops — called undermount sinks — while drop-in sinks are designed for installation in a preexisting space in your countertop. Whatever the type, sinks can uniquely complement kitchen design as do countertops, cabinetry and other features.
Becoming a plumber is a two-pronged process that includes practical training and study. Traditionally, a hopeful plumber begins a four- or five-year apprenticeship program to receive technical education and complete the required hours of on-the-job training under a licensed professional. Plumbers who have successfully completed their apprenticeship are known as journeymen.
“Intelligent Service replaced our two sump pumps, added digital float switches, and installed a digital wall unit to track the water levels and pump options. They also checked our existing battery backup for battery outputs. They improved the piping and fixed the check valves. They cleaned the sump pit and the work area. They did a terrific job. Will definitely use them again and will recommend them as well. Pleasure to work with, very responsive, knowledgeable staff, and did a good job explaining the work order prior to writing up the estimate.”
This was Roberts fourth visit to her home, each time for different services and Zach‘s first. As always Tiffany in the office as well as the rest of the staff are more than communicative prior to the visit and keep you up-to-date on the travel time of the technician. The technicians are friendly, intelligent, accommodating, and beyond respectful and neat. I highly recommend Atomic Plumbing for any residential or commercial needs and would like to thank them for their personalized attention to our home.
I was provided with tremendous service. Our technicians, Ryan and Scott, were professional and solved our problem quickly. Ryan took the time to explain what was causing our sewage line blockage and the different options that were available to us to try and resolve it. Ultimately we went with his recommendation and it worked. As far as pricing, we got our quote upfront and they charged exactly what they said they would. I would definitely use Atomic Plumbing again!
Help! The toilet won’t stop running. It’s a bummer, sure, but it’s something you don’t need to call your plumber about. In fact, DIYers should take note that it’s a quick fix that will cost you just $5. For instance, your handle might just be sticking, which can be solved by spraying some lubricant where the handle meets the porcelain. Ready to DIY? Here’s how to fix a running toilet.
The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire.[3] The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes[4] and some were also covered with lead, lead was also used for piping and for making baths.[5] In medieval times anyone who worked with lead was referred to as a plumber as can be seen from an extract of workmen fixing a roof in Westminster Palace and were referred to as plumbers "To Gilbert de Westminster, plumber, working about the roof of the pantry of the little hall, covering it with lead, and about various defects in the roof of the little hall".[6] Thus a person with expertise in working with lead was first known as a Plumbarius which was later shortened to plumber.

 CON'T FROM COMMENTS EARLIER.  However,  the  installation took less than 3/4/ hour and was a basic regulator with no other function.  Looking up the price afterwards, invoice did not list type or price, it appears that it would have cost me around $60 for the regulator and another $15 or so for the additional supplies necessary to install it and it was really a rather simple job with easy access.    Given that, it seems that $300 for less that  an hours worth of on site work,  company says it does not include commute time in its prices, is a little high.  While flat rate quotes are nice, they must take into consideration situations where the work load differs depending on the circumstances.  Therefore, unless you are at the upper end of the harder work needed than the average job. it can be argued that my estimated price of $300 for labor was more than a little high.  Maybe I am wrong since I have not used their services for years and  am not knowledgeable of the costs of equipment and professional labor today.  
Roto-Rooter plumbers in Lakewood provide full service plumbing maintenance and repairs and clogged drain cleaning, 24 hours a day, including toilet repairs. Roto-Rooters Lakewood plumbers offer residential and commercial plumbing services that customers depend on for all of their local plumbing needs. Trusted and recommended since 1935, Roto-Rooter is the premier provider of plumbing and drain cleaning services in Lakewood, CO. Homeowners and businesses depend on Roto-Rooter 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Our specialty is emergency services. We stand by our estimates and guarantee our work. Your call will be answered by a trained customer service representative who will handle your request quickly and schedule service at your convenience.
We are members of St. Gertrude's Parish and we experienced a sewer back up in our basement. I saw BEST Plumbing listed in the bulletin and I decided to give you a try. The appointment was made between 2:00pm and 4:00pm. I received a call from our plumber at approximately 1:30pm that he was in route to our house. BEST Plumbing cleared roots out of our sewer line and operated a camera in the sewer line. They discovered a riser installed improperly, which was broken at the lateral connection. BEST Plumbing made proper repairs, placed sand and backfilled the area. Our plumber was extremely courteous, helpful, and very professional throughout the entire process. We will be BEST Plumbing's biggest fans and appreciate the service. St. Gertrude's Parish
Looking for a local and trusted plumber that is nearby? Plumbers Today is here to help. We all have experienced at one time or another a plumbing emergency. Plumbers Today is here to relieve the stress of your plumbing problems. We offer 24-hour emergency plumbing services, and our plumbers come equipped with the latest plumbing technology so you can be assured that your job is not just done, but done right. Whether it is a pipe that is leaking, broken toilet, or clogged drain: no problem is too big or too small for Plumbers Today. Call us today to get your no-obligation estimate and to schedule service.
Present-day water-supply systems use a network of high-pressure pumps, and pipes in buildings are now made of copper,[25] brass, plastic (particularly cross-linked polyethylene called PEX, which is estimated to be used in 60% of single-family homes[26]), or other nontoxic material. Due to its toxicity, most cities moved away from lead water-supply piping by the 1920s in the United States,[27] although lead pipes were approved by national plumbing codes into the 1980s,[28] and lead was used in plumbing solder for drinking water until it was banned in 1986.[27] Drain and vent lines are made of plastic, steel, cast-iron, or lead.[29][30]
After completing an apprenticeship program, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters are considered to be journey workers, qualifying them to perform duties on their own. Plumbers with several years of plumbing experience may earn master status by passing an exam. Some states require a business to employ a master plumber in order to obtain a plumbing contractor’s license.

I needed a neutral place to research plumbing jobs: had the suspicion I was being 'led down a garden path' because I knew nothing - other than how expensive it was and how urgent  'do it NOW!" it was. I appreciate the cost estimate and national average pages which confirmed my suspicions.  I found another plumber through this site and hope for better, less panic, less cost service from now on. Thanks.
5 star for Atomic Plumbing.I called mid Saturday morning, Kimberly took my information and called me back promptly to let me know that Jim Miller was coming.Jim was professional, evaluated and diagnosed the issue within 10 minutes, had great customer service and let us know what the cost was before he started to work.Turns out our toilet was over flowing and leaked to downstair rooms. I would highly recommend Atomic Plumbing, thank you for great customer service!!!
Your toilet doesn’t have to be overflowing with water for you to pay attention to it. Even the slightest bit of a puddle around the toilet can be a sign that the wax ring seal has failed. If you ignore it, you’re subjecting your subflooring beneath the bathroom tile to damage like rot and mold. Call your plumber if you see the issue arise, or replace the wax ring seal. Here’s how to replace the wax ring and three more causes of leaks under a toilet.
Mr. Rooter® Plumbing is the go-to plumber for homeowners across the country. Why? Our plumbing contractors provide courteous, friendly, affordable, and effective residential plumbing services. We take our mission to exceed our customers’ expectations seriously! From on-time arrivals to licensed and certified plumbing experts, we make sure homeowners are getting the very best plumbing services. You can have total peace of mind and confidence when you call on us! We stand behind our work and go the extra mile to get the job done quickly so you can get back to enjoying your home.
Westbrook knows that quality construction starts with quality plumbing. Our design build experts use the latest techniques and technology to ensure that every building is fitted, piped and pressurized for maximum water flow and efficiency. With Westbrook’s team of plumbing experts, you can be sure that any new building won’t go without clean and safe water service.

Do you need your toilet repaired or fixed in Phoenix, San Diego and the Inland Empire. Do you have a toilet leak in Phoenix, San Diego and the Inland Empire? We repair, replace and install all types toilets. Option One is your #1 toilet repair plumber in Phoenix, San Diego and the Inland Empire. With over 20 years of experience, you can count on Option One Plumbers to repair your toilet in Phoenix, San Diego and the Inland Empire right the first time.


We had a leak under the kitchen sink & called Atomic Plumbing. They sent someone over that same day. They sent an email appointment confirmation & kept us posted both via email & telephone on the status of our appointment & expected arrival of the plumber. Our plumber was Don Richards. He was very pleasant and professional. He used protective covering on his shoes & went over the cost of the repair. He fixed the leak in no time and did not leave a mess at all. Very impressive. Thanks for the outstanding service Atomic Plumbing!
Much of the plumbing work in populated areas is regulated by government or quasi-government agencies due to the direct impact on the public's health, safety, and welfare. Plumbing installation and repair work on residences and other buildings generally must be done according to plumbing and building codes to protect the inhabitants of the buildings and to ensure safe, quality construction to future buyers. If permits are required for work, plumbing contractors typically secure them from the authorities on behalf of home or building owners.[citation needed]
If left unfixed, a running toilet or a leaky faucet can end up costing you hundreds of dollars. Check out your water bill and how your water is running. If you find your kitchen dripping non-stop and your water bill going higher, you may have a leak! Let Parker & Sons put a stop to those leaks. Our team of expert plumbers will make sure to get the work done faster, get it right the first time, and do it efficiently.
Prices, promotions, styles, and availability may vary. Our local stores do not honor online pricing. Prices and availability of products and services are subject to change without notice. Errors will be corrected where discovered, and Lowe's reserves the right to revoke any stated offer and to correct any errors, inaccuracies or omissions including after an order has been submitted.
Most large cities today pipe solid wastes to sewage treatment plants in order to separate and partially purify the water, before emptying into streams or other bodies of water. For potable water use, galvanized iron piping was commonplace in the United States from the late 1800s until around 1960. After that period, copper piping took over, first soft copper with flared fittings, then with rigid copper tubing utilizing soldered fittings.
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