Beginning in the 1950s plastic pipe, most notably that made of polyvinyl chloride, has been used in ever increasing amounts. In the following decades, other plastics were introduced into pipe manufacture. However, by the last years of the century a number of plastic-pipe failures had occurred. Problems were attributed to defective manufacture and, in some cases, a chemical reaction taking place between the material used to make the pipe and chlorine in the water that it carried. These events led to class action lawsuits and a general reevaluation of the use of this inexpensive and easily worked alternative piping material.
Your toilet doesn’t have to be overflowing with water for you to pay attention to it. Even the slightest bit of a puddle around the toilet can be a sign that the wax ring seal has failed. If you ignore it, you’re subjecting your subflooring beneath the bathroom tile to damage like rot and mold. Call your plumber if you see the issue arise, or replace the wax ring seal. Here’s how to replace the wax ring and three more causes of leaks under a toilet.
Over the past 10+ years, we’ve become one of the most trusted Phoenix plumbing companies in the Valley. We’ve built up this trust by adhering to a high level of excellence and working to complete every job the right way on the first visit out. Knowing that a job is done correctly the first time gives our customers a peace of mind, and it is an approach that has helped solidify our customers’ sense of trust in us.
PVC/CPVC – rigid plastic pipes similar to PVC drain pipes but with thicker walls to deal with municipal water pressure, introduced around 1970. PVC stands for polyvinyl chloride, and it has become a common replacement for metal piping. PVC should be used only for cold water, or for venting. CPVC can be used for hot and cold potable water supply. Connections are made with primers and solvent cements as required by code.[22]
The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire.[3] The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes[4] and some were also covered with lead, lead was also used for piping and for making baths.[5] In medieval times anyone who worked with lead was referred to as a plumber as can be seen from an extract of workmen fixing a roof in Westminster Palace and were referred to as plumbers "To Gilbert de Westminster, plumber, working about the roof of the pantry of the little hall, covering it with lead, and about various defects in the roof of the little hall".[6] Thus a person with expertise in working with lead was first known as a Plumbarius which was later shortened to plumber.

These are signs that your toilet is not sealing properly, and is running water to fill the tank, and not shutting off. Sewer odors, water around the base of the toilet, and flushing issues can also be signs that your toilet is no longer functioning properly and needs to be serviced. Our expert plumbers at Greenwave understand this, and are ready to tackle all toilet related issues for you.
Our plumbers are licensed, bonded, and insured and meet our rigid trust certification standards. Our services are guaranteed in writing against defects in materials and workmanship. So if you need to repair, maintain, or improve your plumbing or septic system, you can rely on Parker & Sons. Our plumbing service includes a 100% money back guarantee and our customer care policies are unmatched in the industry.
I am not a plumber, but I am familiar with oxidation.  Many simple plumbing valves only need to be removed and new "O" rings installed.  That's where the problem comes in.  Most older homes used metal pipes and not PVC.  Usually the valve screws into a different type of metal and oxidation occurs between the two metals, almost becoming one.  In order to get the valve stem out you have to break it loose.  If you break the pipe, not only do you have a mess but then you have to pay to fix it.  Simple if you break it you pay.  If a plumber breaks it, he is responsible.  I recommend paying the plumbers fee and save yourselves headaches in the long run. 
For Plumbers, working in the bustling city of Seattle has its advantages, including an above-average pay rate. Plumbers will also find cushy salaries in Boston (+31 percent), Chicago (+23 percent), New York (+19 percent), and Washington (+16 percent). Those in the field find the lowest salaries in Charlotte, 14 percent below the national average. Below-median salaries also turn up in Miami and Orlando (10 percent lower and 9 percent lower, respectively).
Mr. Rooter® Plumbing is the go-to plumber for homeowners across the country. Why? Our plumbing contractors provide courteous, friendly, affordable, and effective residential plumbing services. We take our mission to exceed our customers’ expectations seriously! From on-time arrivals to licensed and certified plumbing experts, we make sure homeowners are getting the very best plumbing services. You can have total peace of mind and confidence when you call on us! We stand behind our work and go the extra mile to get the job done quickly so you can get back to enjoying your home.
Whether you’re in the market for a gas, electric, tankless, or high-efficiency water heater, we can help you get it fast. We offer same-day water heater installation so you can enjoy your new water heater as soon as possible. If you call us by 3:00 p.m., we’ll have your water heater up and running by the end of the day; call after 3:00 p.m. and we’ll make sure it gets done the next day.

Bacteria have been shown to live in "premises plumbing systems". The latter refers to the "pipes and fixtures within a building that transport water to taps after it is delivered by the utility".[34] Community water systems have been known for centuries to spread waterborne diseases like typhoid and cholera, however "opportunistic premises plumbing pathogens" have been recognized only more recently; Legionella pneumophila discovered in 1976, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the most commonly tracked bacteria, which people with depressed immunity can inhale or ingest and may become infected with.[35] These opportunistic pathogens can grow for example in faucets, shower heads, water heaters and along pipe walls. Reasons that favor their growth are "high surface-to-volume ratio, intermittent stagnation, low disinfectant residual, and warming cycles". A high surface-to-volume ratio, i.e. a relatively large surface area allows the bacteria to form a biofilm, which protects them from disinfection.[35]


Despite the Romans' common use of lead pipes, their aqueducts rarely poisoned people. Unlike other parts of the world where lead pipes cause poisoning, the Roman water had so much calcium in it that a layer of plaque prevented the water contacting the lead itself. What often causes confusion is the large amount of evidence of widespread lead poisoning, particularly amongst those who would have had easy access to piped water.[14] This was an unfortunate result of lead being used in cookware and as an additive to processed food and drink, for example as a preservative in wine.[15] Roman lead pipe inscriptions provided information on the owner to prevent water theft.

Sinks can also be mounted from above or below the counter, or vanity, and homeowners have the option to put in a contemporary vessel sink, which sits on top of the counter. Costs range from less than $100 for a basic, porcelain drop-in or pedestal sink, to several hundred dollars or more for a cast iron vessel sink. Install tends to run between $150 to $200 though it can cost more depending on who you hire and the complexity of the job.
This was Roberts fourth visit to her home, each time for different services and Zach‘s first. As always Tiffany in the office as well as the rest of the staff are more than communicative prior to the visit and keep you up-to-date on the travel time of the technician. The technicians are friendly, intelligent, accommodating, and beyond respectful and neat. I highly recommend Atomic Plumbing for any residential or commercial needs and would like to thank them for their personalized attention to our home.
Our failure to enforce any right or provision of these Terms will not be considered a waiver of those rights. If any provision of these Terms is held to be invalid or unenforceable by a court, the remaining provisions of these Terms will remain in effect. These Terms constitute the entire agreement between us regarding our Service, and supersede and replace any prior agreements we might have between us regarding the Service.
According to standards set by the federal government, a low-flow showerhead uses no more than 2.5 gallons of water per minute at a water pressure of 80 pounds per square inch. That’s less than half the rate of water used by some older traditional showerhead models. Low-flow showerheads come in two main types, aerating, which creates a mist, or laminar-flow that sends water out in a steady stream.
We offer several financing options for new equipment, as well as our Priority Club Membership that grants members exclusive discounts, priority service, annual tune-ups, and much more. Plus, we make it our mission to give back to the community that’s continually supported us for decades. Our team members regularly donate their time, money, and efforts to numerous charitable organizations, fundraising endeavors, and worthwhile causes throughout the Northern Virginia and suburban Maryland area.
Those who attempted to bring plumbing indoors faced technical as well as attitudinal challenges. Decisions on how wastewater was removed required as much concern as those made to ensure an adequate water supply. But equally vexing was the prevailing miasma theory of disease, which held that illnesses stemmed from "bad air" that was readily identifiable by its offensive odor. This led to a distrust of early indoor plumbing that tended to leak and a deadly fear of the sewer gas that accompanied the leaks. It is no wonder then that many individuals maintained a strong belief that elimination was best taken care of out of doors.

Several types of pipe were used during the nineteenth century. With little or no knowledge of its possible long-term harmful effects, lead pipe was widely used. Its low price and the ease with which it could be formed and joined made it the material of choice for many installations. Iron, brass, and copper pipe were used as well. It was not unusual for a structure to be plumbed with several types of pipe, each used where it was most suited. But by the early twentieth century there was a move away from lead piping. The basic elements of domestic plumbing, in both the kitchen and bathroom, were in place by the 1890s. Changes since that time have been primarily aesthetic and in the materials used. During the second half of the twentieth century, tubs and basins that previously had been made of glazed ceramic or enameled iron, and much of the pipe manufactured in the United States as well, were being made of plastic.


When your plumbing system is not running smoothly, you need a reliable plumber there to assist you as quickly as possible. But you should also find an expert who can help you with all of your plumbing needs over time, whether you want to upgrade your fixtures or add in a new sump pump or water treatment system. Call our professionals whenever you run into urgent plumbing issues, and we can get out there fast to get your pipes and fixtures back in order. Magnolia Plumbing, Heating & Cooling is a trusted name in plumbing repair, installation, maintenance, and replacement in the Washington, DC area, and we can handle whatever plumbing tasks come our way—guaranteed!
Plumbers are expensive because it is a highly specialized trade requiring thousands of hours to master. Additionally, they make house calls meaning they spend time and money investing in vehicles, tools, equipment and gas to bring to you. They also carry insurance and have other overhead expenses. Labor shortages in the field also contribute to premium pricing.

Ryan arrived on time with a positive attitude even though it was after hours on a Friday and did a great job. He quickly diagnosed and fixed the plumbing problem and answered several other questions I had regarding upgrades to bathroom fixtures. I was very impressed that Atomic was able to get a technician to my house within a few hours on a Friday night a few days before Christmas. Very professional organization and technician.
Bravo, Don and Zach!! My bathroom was a total mess (leaking!) and with the holidays around the corner I was in desperate need of help. Don careful assessed the situation, walked me thru my options, and kept me aware of the next steps. I was never left wondering “what now?”. As promised, they arrived on-time and ready to begin. My house was kept protected from damage and the work was expertly finished. Warranties were explained and a walk-through revealed all the fine details. I am a fan of good work. Don and Zach exceeded all my expectations. I recommend using Atomic Plumbing to everyone.
Experiencing low water pressure problems? Low water pressure in Phoenix, San Diego and the Inland Empire is a frustrating issue. Our experienced local plumbers in Phoenix, San Diego and the Inland Empire have years of experience fixing low water pressure problems. Call us today to get your Phoenix, San Diego and the Inland Empire low water pressure problem fixed today at a price that is reasonable and with service that is dependable and.
Over the past 10+ years, we’ve become one of the most trusted Phoenix plumbing companies in the Valley. We’ve built up this trust by adhering to a high level of excellence and working to complete every job the right way on the first visit out. Knowing that a job is done correctly the first time gives our customers a peace of mind, and it is an approach that has helped solidify our customers’ sense of trust in us.
I was provided with tremendous service. Our technicians, Ryan and Scott, were professional and solved our problem quickly. Ryan took the time to explain what was causing our sewage line blockage and the different options that were available to us to try and resolve it. Ultimately we went with his recommendation and it worked. As far as pricing, we got our quote upfront and they charged exactly what they said they would. I would definitely use Atomic Plumbing again!

Ryan arrived on time with a positive attitude even though it was after hours on a Friday and did a great job. He quickly diagnosed and fixed the plumbing problem and answered several other questions I had regarding upgrades to bathroom fixtures. I was very impressed that Atomic was able to get a technician to my house within a few hours on a Friday night a few days before Christmas. Very professional organization and technician.
Menards® has all the plumbing supplies you need to ensure your plumbing systems will last for years. Our water systems will keep your entire home running smoothly. We offer a variety of landscape drainage and watering and irrigation products for any home. Menards® offers water heaters for both residential and commercial buildings as well as storage tanks. Keep your water fresh and clean with our water filtration and softeners. Our whole house filtration systems will keep all of the water in your home clean and pure. We also offer water softeners to prevent hard water issues. Enjoy fresh, cool water with one of our water coolers. If you use well water, we have many pumps and well tanks as well as the accessories needed to keep it running smoothly. Our BIG selection includes sump and utility pumps, well pumps and well tanks, sewage pumps, and sprinkler pumps. We have a wide selection of rough plumbing items and pipe, tubing, hoses, fittings, and accessories to complete a variety of plumbing projects. You can also repair your plumbing systems or install new pieces with our plumbing installation and repair products. Our hydronic radiant heat systems are a great addition to commercial or pole barn buildings.
The Home Depot has a wide selection of high-quality plumbing parts including sump pumps, water heaters, HVAC systems, pipes and much more. The Home Depot even has eco-friendly plumbing options to help you save money and live green. If you need professional advice or installation assistance with any of your plumbing projects, turn to The Home Depot to help you finish your plumbing project. 
Plumbing is one of your home's main infrastructures - yet water can also be your home's nemesis. So count on True Value Hardware Stores to help you tackle any size plumbing job. From basic projects like installing a new faucet or water filter or opening a clogged drain; to a bit more complex like replacing a water heater, toilet or sump pump, we can help.
If you own a home and your plumbing toolkit consists of a lone plunger, chances are sooner than later you’ll need to tap into the knowledge or advice from someone versed in common plumbing repairs. Ace can help you in a pinch. While a plunger can be handy in several different scenarios, Ace Hardware has the plumbing tools, plumbing supplies and knowledgeable plumbing advice on hand to face a plumbing problem head on.
The Home Depot has a wide selection of high-quality plumbing parts including sump pumps, water heaters, HVAC systems, pipes and much more. The Home Depot even has eco-friendly plumbing options to help you save money and live green. If you need professional advice or installation assistance with any of your plumbing projects, turn to The Home Depot to help you finish your plumbing project. 
“Intelligent Service replaced our two sump pumps, added digital float switches, and installed a digital wall unit to track the water levels and pump options. They also checked our existing battery backup for battery outputs. They improved the piping and fixed the check valves. They cleaned the sump pit and the work area. They did a terrific job. Will definitely use them again and will recommend them as well. Pleasure to work with, very responsive, knowledgeable staff, and did a good job explaining the work order prior to writing up the estimate.”

If you own a home and your plumbing toolkit consists of a lone plunger, chances are sooner than later you’ll need to tap into the knowledge or advice from someone versed in common plumbing repairs. Ace can help you in a pinch. While a plunger can be handy in several different scenarios, Ace Hardware has the plumbing tools, plumbing supplies and knowledgeable plumbing advice on hand to face a plumbing problem head on.
A conventional water heater is recognized as a cylindrical storage tank ranging in size from 20 to 80 gallons in capacity. This tank is typically insulated with one or two elements that heat the water to the temperature set on the thermostat. Conventional water heaters have been used for decades in residential and commercial buildings. However, this method of constantly heating or keeping the tank of water hot is not very energy efficient, especially if you don’t have a need for hot water 24 hours a day.
This was Roberts fourth visit to her home, each time for different services and Zach‘s first. As always Tiffany in the office as well as the rest of the staff are more than communicative prior to the visit and keep you up-to-date on the travel time of the technician. The technicians are friendly, intelligent, accommodating, and beyond respectful and neat. I highly recommend Atomic Plumbing for any residential or commercial needs and would like to thank them for their personalized attention to our home.
I have no problem paying for any service I receive but when Allied Reddi-Rooter came into my home and immediately tell me and them tell me it would cost me 350.00 for them to install a new Rheem water heater (his recommendation) that cost 409.00 I have a problem. If the cost is exactly how Home Advisor indicates then he’s charging 350.00an hour.  I did my homework checked with other plumbers and it. Would not take an hour to remove old and install the new water heater. Thank Goodness I did my research won’t be using their services and I will be letting others know what happen to me. Shame on you Allied
Journeyman plumber: Once the requirements of an apprenticeship are fulfilled, plumbers can apply for a journeyman license. Many workers in the plumbing industry are journeymen. Obtaining a journeyman's license requires a fee and the successful passing of an exam. Licenses vary by state, although not all areas require journeymen to be licensed. Instead, the amount of work they are able to perform is limited.
Atomic Plumbing is your first call for Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, and Norfolk plumbing needs – residential or commercial. If you have a leaky pipe or drain clog, or wish to install new bathroom fixtures, Atomic Plumbing can help. Our plumbing team is certified and trained to tackle any sewer or drainage problem, using the latest parts and equipment to repair frozen or damaged pipes or faulty water heaters.
The introduction of the first water-retaining traps or seals in the 1850s, and the common use of "U"-shaped traps in the 1870s, were major steps forward. The design of the trap ensured that enough water remained in it to effectively block the passage of sewer gas back through the plumbing fixtures. During the 1870s vent pipes were introduced. They not only carried sewer gas out of the system, but also broke the suction created by movement of liquid in the pipes and eliminated the possibility of siphoning water that sealed the traps.
The easy to install reinforced Wax Toilet Bowl The easy to install reinforced Wax Toilet Bowl Gasket features a polyethylene flange for floor and wall bowls. Packaged in a plastic sleeve in order to maintain its shape. Accommodates 3 in. and 4 in. waste lines (sold separately). Includes a 1/4 in. x 2-1/4 in. E-Z Snap brass bolt ...  More + Product Details Close
I just had my pipe under the sink unclogged  and new pipes put in $600.00, then they flushed out the pipe from under the sink to the outside pipe $700.00, Total of $1.600.00, I thought that the price was high, I got the plumber from Home Advisors, not sure they had to do all they did but they said I needed the work done.  The same evening hike using the dishwasher I had a leak in one of the pipes they put in, they came back the next day to fix it. Don't know if I will use them again.. They were K&D kitchens.

A handyman walked away from the job after cutting off the water to my mother's house and removing a toilet. He did this while I was attending a funeral. My mother is 87 years old. Called Atomic Plumbing and Ryan Dean responded Saturday afternoon and restored water to the house. He finished the job Sunday morning. He was the nicest, courteous, neat plumber I have ever met. I can't say enough good things about Atomic Plumbing from the employee who took my call to Ryan Dean's excellent service.
This information is not intended as an offer to sell, or the solicitation of an offer to buy, a franchise. It is for information purposes only. Read More Currently, the following states regulate the offer and sale of franchises: California, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin. If you are a resident of or want to locate a franchise in one of these states, we will not offer you a franchise unless and until we have complied with applicable pre-sale registration and disclosure requirements in your state. Read Less Mr. Rooter is a registered trademark of Mr. Rooter LLC Copyright © 2017 Mr. Rooter, All rights reserved. All Mr. Rooter Plumbing Franchise Locations Are Independently Owned And Operated.
JAG PLUMBING PRODUCTS is very pleased to partner JAG PLUMBING PRODUCTS is very pleased to partner with BRIGGS Plumbing Products USA to act as the direct distributor of the prestigious BRIGGS and Sayco Brand line of Repair Parts. This 2-pack of Toilet tank flappers are the exact replacement required to fix your BRIGGS Toilet. JAG PLUMBING PRODUCTS strives ...  More + Product Details Close
Called Atomic plumbing after kitchen was flooded with water the evening before, was given a time a technician would be out. Technician Jimmy Powell showed up early and after checking problem He went right to work. He stated he would have to cut a hole in the ceiling to get to the the drain. After some careful measurements his cut was right on target. Jimmy fixed the problem and was a true professional from start to finish. I wouldn't hesitate to call Atomic Plumbing for any plumbing needs, and would highly recommend Jimmy Powell as the technician.
Although plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters perform three distinct and specialized roles, their duties are often similar. For example, they all install pipes and fittings that carry water, steam, air, or other liquids or gases. They determine the necessary materials for a job, connect pipes, and perform pressure tests to ensure that a pipe system is airtight and watertight. Their tools include drills, saws, welding torches, and wrenches.
Just because they’re not in your sight on a daily basis doesn’t mean you should ignore your septic lines. If you have a septic system, lateral septic lines will be buried beneath some of your property. Be sure to avoid them! For example, don’t drive a heavy vehicle over them because that can cause them to collapse and result in a costly fix. Not sure how a septic tank works? Here’s the info.
Each Government at the state level has their own Authority and regulations in place for licensing plumbers. They are also responsible for the interpretation, administration and enforcement of the regulations outlined in the NCC.[38] These Authorities are usually established for the sole purpose of regulating plumbing activities in their respective states/territories. However, several state level regulation acts are quite outdated, with some still operating on local policies introduced more than a decade ago. This has led to an increase in plumbing regulatory issues not covered under current policy, and as such, many policies are currently being updated to cover these more modern issues. The updates include changed to the minimum experience and training requirements for licensing, additional work standards for new and more specific kinds of plumbing, as well as adopting the Plumbing Code of Australia into state regulations in an effort to standardise plumbing regulations across the country.[39]
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