Bacteria have been shown to live in "premises plumbing systems". The latter refers to the "pipes and fixtures within a building that transport water to taps after it is delivered by the utility".[34] Community water systems have been known for centuries to spread waterborne diseases like typhoid and cholera, however "opportunistic premises plumbing pathogens" have been recognized only more recently; Legionella pneumophila discovered in 1976, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the most commonly tracked bacteria, which people with depressed immunity can inhale or ingest and may become infected with.[35] These opportunistic pathogens can grow for example in faucets, shower heads, water heaters and along pipe walls. Reasons that favor their growth are "high surface-to-volume ratio, intermittent stagnation, low disinfectant residual, and warming cycles". A high surface-to-volume ratio, i.e. a relatively large surface area allows the bacteria to form a biofilm, which protects them from disinfection.[35]
Plumbing reached its early apex in ancient Rome, which saw the introduction of expansive systems of aqueducts, tile wastewater removal, and widespread use of lead pipes. With the Fall of Rome both water supply and sanitation stagnated—or regressed—for well over 1,000 years. Improvement was very slow, with little effective progress made until the growth of modern densely populated cities in the 1800s. During this period, public health authorities began pressing for better waste disposal systems to be installed, to prevent or control epidemics of disease. Earlier, the waste disposal system had merely consisted of collecting waste and dumping it on the ground or into a river. Eventually the development of separate, underground water and sewage systems eliminated open sewage ditches and cesspools.
Need a quick fix? After having a plumber come out to your house, they might tell you the part needed to fix your toilet or sink issue is going to take a week. Don’t be too amenable if you can’t wait. There’s no shame in working with another plumber who can get the part and do the job when you need it. If you’re doing the job yourself, be sure you know these tips for completing a plumbing fix like a pro.
JJ's Plumbing Repair has no control over, and assumes no responsibility for, the content, privacy policies, or practices of any third party web sites or services. You further acknowledge and agree that JJ's Plumbing Repair shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, goods or services available on or through any such web sites or services.
Clogged drains or sewer line backups can wreak havoc on your business, and we know that plumbing emergencies rarely align with business hours. Sudden, unexpected plumbing emergencies can have a serious negative impact on your business—any amount of downtime can result in missed opportunities and the inability to serve your clients, potentially leading to lost revenue. When plumbing emergencies occur at your place of business, you need an emergency plumber you can trust.
Clear the trap: If the above methods do not work, the next step would be to remove the P-trap under the sink. Place a bucket underneath the area to catch water then unscrew the two threaded caps that hold the curved section of the pipe in place. Nowadays, most kitchen drains are made of white PVC pipe with connections that can be unscrewed by hand.
"If you EVER need an affordable plumber make sure you reach out to North Texas Plumbing Services 817-230-7586. Justin went above and beyond to work with us. We had a broken pipe under our concrete slab that needed to be replaced. Contacted North Texas Plumbing Services, they came out to give us a quote that day. We called them to accept their bid that same night, and the very next day they had their digging crew to begin the tunneling process. Everyone did a great job of keeping us updated throughout the entire process! After the pipe was replaced the diggers informed us we would have extra dirt left over and asked what would we like to do with it? We told them we would like it placed in the back yard, and unexpectedly, they also spread it out neatly for us."

Had a main line back up on a cold rainy day. I checked google for a reliable plumber and called the first one that came up which was Atomic. Called and talked to DeAnne and she was very helpful. She had Ryan call me and I told him what was going on, he told me he would be here in 15 minutes. 12 minutes later Ryan pulled in and I showed him the problem, he told me the price and I told him to go for it. Ryan had this power snake the likes of which I have never seen before, it not only powered through the clog with no problem he was able to tell me how far down the pipe the clog was to within a couple of feet by the number of sections he used to reach it. To be on the safe side He ran the snake a few feet past the clog which put it just past the city clean out.Both DeAnne and Ryan were courteous and professional and got my problem resolved quickly and at a reasonable cost.I will be recommending Atomic to everyone I know. Hopefully Ryan will be able to take care of others with his wonder snake.
“We had a toilet emergency one morning. After unsuccessful plunging efforts, we called Intelligent Service – and within 20 minutes, they were at our house. They found that the sewer line from our house to the street had snapped. Within 2 hours they had a permit and a backhoe in our front yard, and started work. By 5:00pm, we had water! They were extremely sympathetic to our situation. They were careful not to track snow and mud into the house. They cleaned up the area both inside and outside. Have already recommended the company to the many neighbors.”
So thankful I made the call. The front office associate was very pleasant and shared the practice of what to expect on my service day. Technician Randy arrived within my service window, immediately introduced himself and presented me with his business card. I was also introduced to his assistant Tim who was also very polite. They also had shoe covers they placed on before entering my rooms (how thoughtful). The service was reviewed and cost to complete the job, authorization given and Randy started the task. I am pleased with the job, great TEAM. Thank you!
We provide a wide range of services from leaky faucets to water heater replacements and repairs. We proudly install American made Bradford-White brand water heaters. We service what we sell. That means should anything ever happen just give us a call. We can fix it for you. We also typically handle water heater replacements and repairs the same day. We frequently receive calls from customers who purchased water heaters from companies like Sears and Home Depot and are unable to get service on their water heater for 2 or 3 days.That is absurd! We understand your situation and promise to come out and help as soon as possible.
Roto-Rooter plumbers in Lakewood provide full service plumbing maintenance and repairs and clogged drain cleaning, 24 hours a day, including toilet repairs. Roto-Rooters Lakewood plumbers offer residential and commercial plumbing services that customers depend on for all of their local plumbing needs. Trusted and recommended since 1935, Roto-Rooter is the premier provider of plumbing and drain cleaning services in Lakewood, CO. Homeowners and businesses depend on Roto-Rooter 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Our specialty is emergency services. We stand by our estimates and guarantee our work. Your call will be answered by a trained customer service representative who will handle your request quickly and schedule service at your convenience.
Do you need a professional plumber and considering Stemmle Plumbing? With our professional team of plumbers, we have built a solid reputation on the quality of our plumbing, drain, HVAC, Septic and Electrical Services.  Whether it is their home or business, our customers know we can quickly solve their system issues keeping their downtime to a minimum. We stay educated in modern technology such as trenchless pipe replacement, video inspections, tankless water heaters and no dig pipe repair, to offer you the best service the industry has to offer.
At Oliver, our expert plumbing staff is ready to handle all of your plumbing needs. Whether you have a leaky faucet or water heater, a toilet repair, or want to replace your entire bath or shower, our plumbing and water heater services are fast, reliable, and available 24 hours a day. The following are just some of the areas in which we specialize:
The Oatey 8 oz. Handy Pack Purple Primer The Oatey 8 oz. Handy Pack Purple Primer and Solvent Cement contains code-listed primer and solvent cement needed for solvent-welding PVC pipe and fittings. Can be used with up to 4 in. Dia piping. Convenient Handy Pack for storage - just add pipe and fittings. Due to the nature of ...  More + Product Details Close

For expert commercial and residential plumbing services in the Seattle area, contact Best Plumbing. We’re locally owned and operated, and have been in business for 50 years. Our technicians take great pride in providing the very best plumbing assessments, solutions and quality products, and our customer service and general expertise is unparalleled. Call today to discover why customers trust us for all their plumbing needs, large or small!


Most typical single family home systems won't require supply piping larger than 3⁄4 inch (19 mm) due to expense as well as steel piping's tendency to become obstructed from internal rusting and mineral deposits forming on the inside of the pipe over time once the internal galvanizing zinc coating has degraded. In potable water distribution service, galvanized steel pipe has a service life of about 30 to 50 years, although it is not uncommon for it to be less in geographic areas with corrosive water contaminants.
When a plumbing emergency strikes, you need dependable and quick service from a licensed, reputable Dallas plumber. Regardless of whether your emergency is a burst pipe that is causing water to flood into your home, a sewer line clog resulting in a backup of wastewater, or a gas leak; you can rely on a fast response from the licensed professionals at Baker Brothers Plumbing, Air Conditioning & Electrical. Our technicians are on call 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Plumbing originated during ancient civilizations such as the Greek, Roman, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cities as they developed public baths and needed to provide potable water and wastewater removal, for larger numbers of people.[6] Standardized earthen plumbing pipes with broad flanges making use of asphalt for preventing leakages appeared in the urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization by 2700 BC.[7] The Romans used lead pipe inscriptions to prevent water theft. The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire.[8] The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes[9] and some were also covered with lead. Lead was also used for piping and for making baths.[10]
×